nakaiC1-vprefix, intensifies an action, activity, experience or state, past tense, Class 3 verbal roots Nakai-adip hu pingway di kinapya tun asip.The bolo fits very well into the scabbard that he made.SimmakaiC1-126.96.36.199Verb affixes
nakkayyangfr. var.anakkayangInf. ofkayangadjunctan expression of exuberance, surprise, elation, or jubilation; wow; ohNakkayyang hu immalin tuun kaalman e nehuluk idan hanggatut! Oh what a huge number of people came yesterday; they were more than one hundred!9.2.7Interjectionskinakkayyang
nambattananInf. ofbattannoman area or space between two other thingsIndehak tud nambattanan ni baley di Tomas nan Daulayan.It (the ground) cracked between the houses of Tomas and Daulayan.188.8.131.52.2BetweennaN- -an
nambina-hilInf. ofba-hil1adja double-sided or two-edged sword or boloTep et-eteng ni peteg hu kabaelan ni ehel Apu Dios. Metattaddem nem ya ispadah ni makattadem di nambina-hil. (Hebrews 4:12a)For the word of God is very, very great. It is sharper than a very-sharp two-edged sword.naN- -in-2vto be placed opposite to each other or across from each otherHantetlu hu eheb di nambinbina-hil di diman ni bebley di Jerusalem. (Revelation 21:13a)There were three gates on each of the (four) sides there in the city of Jerusalem.Wada etan keyew ni kamengidwat ni biyag di nambina-hil ni wangwang e kaumlameh ni pinhakkey ni hambulan. (Revelation 22:2b)There was the life-giving tree on both sides of the river, bearing fruit each month.184.108.40.206Across
namnamah1nhopeIppaptek dakan Apu Dios et tumuled ka tep mewedda namnamah mu ey man-iyyatu ka niya umlinggep ka. (Job 11:18) God will-care-of you and you will be courageous for you will have hope and you will rest and be at peace. 220.127.116.11Hope2transto hope for something Humman ni tayu kanamnamaha ey um-amnu, tep impaelin Apu Dios hu Ispirituh tun hi-gatsu. (Romans 5:5a)That which we hope for will be fulfilled, for God has sent his Spirit to (reside in) us.ka- -aLanguage of Borrowing: Ilocano
nampa-sp. var.nampe-vprefix, past tense causative agent who has another person do the activity or actionNampahemul di baley tu et paeyag tudda dakel ni tuu.He had a feast at his house and invited many people. (lit. had many people be invited)Simmampa-This affix cross-references the causative agent in a causative construction.18.104.22.168Verb affixes
nampaN-vprefix, functions to distribute the activity among plural agent-subjects; the activities are durative in aspect, past tenseDakel ida hu nelaing ni tuun nunya tep nampan-adal ida.There are many knowledgeable people nowadays because they are educated.Nampampeluh ida et ida mangkaykaykay di gilig ni lebeng. They undressed and went swimming by the edge of the lake.SimkamampaN-mampaN-nampaN- -an22.214.171.124Verb affixes
nampaN- -anvprefix, functions to distribute the activity among plural agent-subjects; the activities are durative in aspect, past tenseHipa yu nampamhatan ida eyan kamengellab ni intanem kun ampalaya?Why have you been cutting this climbing bitter-gourd that I planted?Yad he-pen ni baley di Pablo hu nampamnalan min hi-gada.It was below the house of Pablo where we stoned them.SimkamampaN-mampaN-nampaN-This circumfix is used in a topicalization or question clausal structure.
nampeN-vprefix, functions to distribute the action among plural objects, past tense, Class 4 and 5 verbal rootsYa na-mu nampengek-ekan min danum di wangwang hu dinggehan ni egeh kun hileng.It is perhaps our drinking water from the river that caused my stomach trouble last night.SimkapampeN- -imampeN-126.96.36.199Verb affixes
nampengi-transprefix, functions to distribute the action among plural objects, past tense, Class 3 verbal rootsDakel ida kekeddangyang ni nampengiha-ad ni dakel ni pihhuh da. (Mark 12:41b)There were many rich people who placed much of their money (in the collection box).Simkapampengi- -imampengi-188.8.131.52Verb affixes
namyuhnomCreator; Maker; one who createsEmin itsu ey panyuung itsu niya pandukkun itsun menaydayaw nan Apu Dios e namyuh ni hi-gatsu. (Psalm 95:6)Let all of us bow down and kneel down to glorify God who created us.
nanfr. var.nan hidetdeterminer that marks non cross-referenced personal nameTuwak kaa-amiha nan Carlos, nem emmihen ku hedin mambultung kami.Carlos underestimates me, but I will beat him if we have a wrestling match.9.2.4Prepositions, postpositions
naN-11intransprefix, past tense default affix for Class 1 verbal rootsNandalan kamid Kiangan ni kaalman.We walked to Kiangan yesterday.SimkamaN-1maN-184.108.40.206Verb affixes2vprefix, encodes a past tense distributive action among agent-subjectsNambilang kami (items).We counted.3vencodes a past tense durative aspect when co-occurring with transitive verbal rootsNambayu ak ni kaalman.I pounded (rice) yesterday.4vderives a verb from a noun and encodes a past tense durative aspectNandegeh hak ni kaalman.I was sick yesterday.
naN-2transprefix, past tense reflexive action; the action is performed on one's self Hi-gatu ngu nambitu.As for him, he no doubt trapped himself.Endi inna-nu ni penga-allukan nan Maria tep nanlekbid bawang.There is no way to pacify Maria because she locked herself inside.SimkamaN-2maN-2This prefix co-occurs with transitive verbs.220.127.116.11Verb affixes
naN- -anvcircumfix, the past tense complex topicalizing affix, cross-referencing time, place or question word for Class 1 verbal rootsPiga hu baley di nambattanan ni baley yu et ya baley da?How many houses are in between your house and their house? Kaw endi mu inang-ang nan ametun immalid kad-an mun hileng eman ni nan-adugan mud baley da?Didn't you see his father come there during the night when you were guarding their house?SimkapaN- -ipaN- -an18.104.22.168Verb affixes
nan- i-transcomplex prefix for Class 3 verbal roots that cross-references plural objectsNan-ipakpak da hu dakel ni latlatuh idan candidatuh di dingding ni baley mi.They mounted many photos of political candidates on the wall of our house.22.214.171.124Verb affixes