Vernacular - English


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nakaiC1-vprefix, intensifies an action, activity, experience or state, past tense, Class 3 verbal roots Nakai-adip hu pingway di kinapya tun asip.The bolo fits very well into the scabbard that he made.SimmakaiC1-9.2.9.1Verb affixes
nakkayyangfr. var.anakkayangInf. ofkayangadjunctan expression of exuberance, surprise, elation, or jubilation; wow; ohNakkayyang hu immalin tuun kaalman e nehuluk idan hanggatut! Oh what a huge number of people came yesterday; they were more than one hundred!9.2.7Interjectionskinakkayyang
naklepInf. ofkelepstalast quarter of the moonna-
naknaknhardwood tree varietySimudyaw1.5.1Tree
nalpuInf. oflapustathe starting point; fromAttu nalpuan tu?Where did he come from?8.5.2.6Away from8.4.6.1.1Beginning
nam-aydial. var.lam-aystadescribing a person's life or work as easyNenam-ay ngunu tu.His work is easy,5Daily lifene-Class 6D Descriptives
namavto think about going
NamalProp.Nthe name of a village in Antipolo8.5Location
nambattananInf. ofbattannoman area or space between two other thingsIndehak tud nambattanan ni baley di Tomas nan Daulayan.It (the ground) cracked between the houses of Tomas and Daulayan.8.5.1.2.2BetweennaN- -an
nambina-hilInf. ofba-hil1adja double-sided or two-edged sword or boloTep et-eteng ni peteg hu kabaelan ni ehel Apu Dios. Metattaddem nem ya ispadah ni makattadem di nambina-hil. (Hebrews 4:12a)For the word of God is very, very great. It is sharper than a very-sharp two-edged sword.naN- -in-2vto be placed opposite to each other or across from each otherHantetlu hu eheb di nambinbina-hil di diman ni bebley di Jerusalem. (Revelation 21:13a)There were three gates on each of the (four) sides there in the city of Jerusalem.Wada etan keyew ni kamengidwat ni biyag di nambina-hil ni wangwang e kaumlameh ni pinhakkey ni hambulan. (Revelation 22:2b)There was the life-giving tree on both sides of the river, bearing fruit each month.8.5.1.6Across
namintransto taste a little
namnamah1nhopeIppaptek dakan Apu Dios et tumuled ka tep mewedda namnamah mu ey man-iyyatu ka niya umlinggep ka. (Job 11:18) God will-care-of you and you will be courageous for you will have hope and you will rest and be at peace. 3.2.7.1Hope2transto hope for something Humman ni tayu kanamnamaha ey um-amnu, tep impaelin Apu Dios hu Ispirituh tun hi-gatsu. (Romans 5:5a)That which we hope for will be fulfilled, for God has sent his Spirit to (reside in) us.ka- -aLanguage of Borrowing: Ilocano
nampa-sp. var.nampe-vprefix, past tense causative agent who has another person do the activity or actionNampahemul di baley tu et paeyag tudda dakel ni tuu.He had a feast at his house and invited many people. (lit. had many people be invited)Simmampa-This affix cross-references the causative agent in a causative construction.9.2.9.1Verb affixes
nampaN-vprefix, functions to distribute the activity among plural agent-subjects; the activities are durative in aspect, past tenseDakel ida hu nelaing ni tuun nunya tep nampan-adal ida.There are many knowledgeable people nowadays because they are educated.Nampampeluh ida et ida mangkaykaykay di gilig ni lebeng. They undressed and went swimming by the edge of the lake.SimkamampaN-mampaN-nampaN- -an9.2.9.1Verb affixes
nampaN- -anvprefix, functions to distribute the activity among plural agent-subjects; the activities are durative in aspect, past tenseHipa yu nampamhatan ida eyan kamengellab ni intanem kun ampalaya?Why have you been cutting this climbing bitter-gourd that I planted?Yad he-pen ni baley di Pablo hu nampamnalan min hi-gada.It was below the house of Pablo where we stoned them.SimkamampaN-mampaN-nampaN-This circumfix is used in a topicalization or question clausal structure.
nampe-sp. var. ofnampa-
nampeN-vprefix, functions to distribute the action among plural objects, past tense, Class 4 and 5 verbal rootsYa na-mu nampengek-ekan min danum di wangwang hu dinggehan ni egeh kun hileng.It is perhaps our drinking water from the river that caused my stomach trouble last night.SimkapampeN- -imampeN-9.2.9.1Verb affixes
nampengi-transprefix, functions to distribute the action among plural objects, past tense, Class 3 verbal rootsDakel ida kekeddangyang ni nampengiha-ad ni dakel ni pihhuh da. (Mark 12:41b)There were many rich people who placed much of their money (in the collection box).Simkapampengi- -imampengi-9.2.9.1Verb affixes
namyuhnomCreator; Maker; one who createsEmin itsu ey panyuung itsu niya pandukkun itsun menaydayaw nan Apu Dios e namyuh ni hi-gatsu. (Psalm 95:6)Let all of us bow down and kneel down to glorify God who created us.
nanfr. var.nan hidetdeterminer that marks non cross-referenced personal nameTuwak kaa-amiha nan Carlos, nem emmihen ku hedin mambultung kami.Carlos underestimates me, but I will beat him if we have a wrestling match.9.2.4Prepositions, postpositions
naN-11intransprefix, past tense default affix for Class 1 verbal rootsNandalan kamid Kiangan ni kaalman.We walked to Kiangan yesterday.SimkamaN-1maN-1 19.2.9.1Verb affixes2vprefix, encodes a past tense distributive action among agent-subjectsNambilang kami (items).We counted.3vencodes a past tense durative aspect when co-occurring with transitive verbal rootsNambayu ak ni kaalman.I pounded (rice) yesterday.4vderives a verb from a noun and encodes a past tense durative aspectNandegeh hak ni kaalman.I was sick yesterday.
naN-2transprefix, past tense reflexive action; the action is performed on one's self Hi-gatu ngu nambitu.As for him, he no doubt trapped himself.Endi inna-nu ni penga-allukan nan Maria tep nanlekbid bawang.There is no way to pacify Maria because she locked herself inside.SimkamaN-2maN-2This prefix co-occurs with transitive verbs.9.2.9.1Verb affixes
nan hihidetdeterminer that marks non cross-referenced personal nameYad Bihaccal hu nambebleyan nan hi Allawah. It is in Bihaccal where Allawah lives. 9.2.4Prepositions, postpositionsfr. var. ofnan
naN- -anvcircumfix, the past tense complex topicalizing affix, cross-referencing time, place or question word for Class 1 verbal rootsPiga hu baley di nambattanan ni baley yu et ya baley da?How many houses are in between your house and their house? Kaw endi mu inang-ang nan ametun immalid kad-an mun hileng eman ni nan-adugan mud baley da?Didn't you see his father come there during the night when you were guarding their house?SimkapaN- -ipaN- -an19.2.9.1Verb affixes
nan- i-transcomplex prefix for Class 3 verbal roots that cross-references plural objectsNan-ipakpak da hu dakel ni latlatuh idan candidatuh di dingding ni baley mi.They mounted many photos of political candidates on the wall of our house.9.2.9.1Verb affixes