Vernacular - English


k


kapers.proyou, 2nd person singular pronounYad elaw tayu ey pakkadek mettey hu bineley mu ni han ka nambintan.In our culture, your spouse has to die before you can remarry.Nambahul ka tep ya inhel mu.You are at fault because of what you said.The form expresses the subjective grammatical relationship with the verb and is cross-referenced by the affix.The form is a member of Set 2 pronouns.9.2.3Pronounsallawkadtan
ka-vadds a present tenseEndi mu kaella.You aren't getting any.Kele huttan mu kaella?Why are you getting that kind?
ka- -avcircumfix, present tense default affix for Class 4 verbsTuwak kaemmiha di sanggul nem emmihen ku di ka-wit.He beats me in arm wrestling but I will beat him in finger wrestling.Sim-en-in-19.2.9.1Verb affixes
ka- -itranscircumfix, the present tense default affix for Class 5 verbal rootsKele muka bennu-nisi huttan?Why are you skinning that?Sim-an1 1-i9.2.9.1Verb affixes
ka- -in-vcircumfix, encodes the concept that the root or word with which it co-occurs expresses the nature, characteristic or essence of someone or somethingYa kakinayyaggud ni elaw tu hu nengigepatan dan hi-gatun mekillaw di Lagawe.His good character is the reason they included him to go along to Lagawe.Simkina-
ka-almannyesterdayNebangleh gagan ka-alman. The rice from yesterday was spoiled.Nelabah ak ni ka-alman di deya.I passed by here yesterday.8.4.1.2.2Yesterday, today, tomorrow
ka-ang-angder. ofang-angnomsomething that can be seen; visibleYa liwat ni edum ni tuu ey ka-ang-ang, et inamta tayu e mekastiguddallin edum ni aggew. (1 Timothy 5:24a)As for the sin of some people, it is visible and we-all know that they will be punished some day.2.3.1.5Visibleka-
ka-buhtransto see something or someone briefly; to glimpseKina-buhan ku la hi amam.I had a glimpse of your father.Ag law ni hekey peka-buhhi Umman neipalpu eman ni pinteyan tu.Umman never allows himself to be seen since he murdered someone.2.3.1See-an/-in- -an
ka-immatunInf. ofimmatunadjsomething can be seen; to be recognizableUmbulan ni mahmahdem tep ay ka-immatun.There will be moonlight this evening because it (the moon) can be seen.Ka-immatun hu taddung Benjamen tep madlang.Benjamen’s hat is recognizable because it is red.2.3.1Seeka-
ka-katransto remove what is on top to have access to what is on the bottom, and it bring outMu baddangi hi Louisa et yu ka-kaen hu ubi di kayyabang.Help Louisa take out the sweet-potatoes from the basket.Lakkay et mu ka-kaen etan dewwan etteteng ni ubi di kayyabang et alen mu.Go and dig for the two big sweet-potatoes in the basket and take them out.7.5.2.4Remove, take apart-en/-in-Class 4D Release, remove or detach object
ka-legInf. ofelegtransto forbid an action or an activityKan Apu Dios ey "Hipa nanghel ni hi-gam ni nambelad ka? Kaw kimman ka etan ni lameh ni keyew ni nakka ikka-leg?" (Genesis 3:11b)God said (to Adam,) "Who told you that you are naked? Did you eat the fruit of the tree I have forbidden you to eat?"3.3.4.2Refuse permissioniC1-/iN-
ka-nadintransto move oneself a short distanceKagnad kan ekket et wada yuddungan nan amam.Move a little bit so there is space for your father to sit.Simdelig 1gelid 1genad1tu-lu 17.2Move
ka-nemInf. ofenemadjthe ordinal number sixth8.1.1.2Ordinal numbers
ka-ngittransto catch clothing on a bush or branchKina-ngit ni lituku hu balwasik et mebi-ki.My dress was caught on a branch so it was torn.Attu neika-ngit tu?Where was it caught?-en/-in-
ka-nuttrans1to bite into something, e.g., fruitKina-anutan tu etan mangga et bekahen tu.He bit into that mango and then threw it away.Kele muka kenna-nusi eya ubi?Why are you biting that sweet potato?5.2.2.1Bite, chew-an/-in- -anClass 5B Changing state of site by removal of something2to bite off a piece of somethingKina-nutan ni ahhu etan aba ni singnged Meryl.The dog bit off a piece of the yam that Meryl is holding.-an/-in- -an3to bite, may refer to an animal biting someoneAng-ang mu tep umka-nut ali eya ahhu yu.See to it because your dog might bite.Simkalat1.6.4Animal actionsum-/-imm-
ka-patInf. ofepat1adjthe ordinal number fourth8.1.1.2Ordinal numbers2nThursday, fourth dayKanda ey um-aliddan Ka-pat ey tu-wangun immalidda.They said that they would come on Thursday and indeed they came.8.4.1.3.1Days of the week
ka-pengInf. ofepengtransto distribute something to each and everyone, either something material or spiritualAnin hi Apu Dios et impeang-ang tu e makulug humman ni nengipenahdingan tuddan nambakbaklang ni miracles, niya nengika-pengan tun nambakbaklang ni kabaelan idan kamengullug. (Hebrews 2:4a)Even God showed that his performance of the various miracles was true and likewise his distribution of different spiritual abilities to the believers.nengi- -an
ka-tengannthe large intestine2.1.8Internal organs
ka-wit1stafor something to be hooked on another thingNeika-wit hu benwit kud pagan keyew ni nak nengipatnaan ni memenwit.My fishhook got caught in a tree branch when I went to try fishing with hooks.7.5.2.1Link, connectmei-/nei-
ka-wit2nfinger-wrestlingTuwak kaemmiha di sanggul nem emmihen ku di ka-wit.He beats me in arm wrestling but I will beat him in finger wrestling. 4.2.6.2Sports
ka-yahvto feel shock and fear as when seeing a house burn, or when seeing a dead personUmka-yah hi Aginaya hedin ang-angen tu eman netey ni tuu.Aginaya will be shocked when she sees the dead person3.4.2.4Afraidum-/-imm-Class 2D Emotion and sensation
ka-yangna dwelling place of some gods in the SkyworldYad ka-yang hu kad-an ida etan ni edum ni kabekkiaddan mabeki.It is in the Skyworld where some of the gods dwell that shamans invoke in rituals.4.9.5Practice religion
ka-yatvto go up; to reach the top of a mountain or hill7.2.1.1Walk
kaagna monkey speciesSimbulengentadaw1.6.1.1.1Primate
kaalmannyesterdayImmali agik ni kaalman.My sister came yesterday.Kaalman illa-an kun begah.It was yesterday when I got the rice.8.4.1.2.2Yesterday, today, tomorrow