Vernacular - English


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haynedsta1to be next in time, place or orderYa lunis hu aggew ni neihayned di linggu.Monday is the day next to Sunday.8.4.5.1.3Nextmei-/nei-2second, second in rankHi Mordekai hu meihhayned di saad nan patul e hi Serses. (Esther 10:3a)Mordecai was second in rank to King Xerxes. mei-/nei-
hayudtransto get things that have been thrown away; to scavenge for trash; to salvage discarded thingsHineyud dad dallin eya papel.They salvaged these papers from outside the house.Nanhayud da yinagyag min ubi.They got the sweet potatoes we discarded. Penghel tu et hedin wada imbeng nunman ni kedangyan ni hinewal tun kennen, ey hayuden tu. (Luke 16:21a)He was hoping that when that rich man threw away his extra food he would get it.7.4.3Get-en/-in-Class 4C Convey/bring object toward agent
hayudutva bird or fowl running under a tree or into a bushInang-ang ku etan emayyu ni kamanhayhayudut lad uduk.I saw that bird running into the bush.1.6.4.1Animal movementmaN-/naN-Class 1A Movement with a manner component
hayukupintransto go or come close or near to something or someoneKantud Greek ey "Hayukup kayud kad-an Apu Dios et humeyukup damad kad-an yu." (James 4:8 footnote)The Greek says "You go close to God, and he will come near to you."Hi-gatu pambagai tayun baddang niya hayukup itsud kad-an tun ingganah. (Psalm 105:4)He (the LORD) is the one we should ask for help, and let us go near to him forever.8.2.6.2Nearum-/-imm-Class 2A Movement from one place to another
hayuyungvto gather together to eatNehayuyung kamin emin di bawang et mangan kami.We all gathered together inside the house and ate.5.2.2Eat4.2.1Come together, form a groupum-, ne-
hayyukungsp. var. ofdayyukungstavalleyYad nehayyukung hu daka pan-a-abbungi tep wada danum diman.It's in the valley where they built their hut because there is water there.Muka peeyyuh ida hebwak di nehayyukung di nambattanan idan kedunduntug, (Psalm 104:10)You make the springs pour water into the valleys between the mountains.
he-pafr. var.hepaprocfor hands or feet to become hardened or roughUmhe-pa mannuman hedin ag ullahi hu heli.Your feet will certainly become rough if you don't wash them.Ya agtu pan-ullahi hu nahpaan ni ngamay tu.It is because he does not wash them that his hands became rough.Ya numan ag pan-ullahi hu kakehpain heli weno ngamay.It will really cause your hands or your feet to become rough if you don't wash.2.1.4Skinum-/-imm-Class 2G Processes
he-pendial. var. ofehpen1nlower place; belowYad he-pen ni kulukul hu kad-an ni uleg.It is down below the creek where the snake is.8.5.2.5Down2transto take something to a lower-placeIhe-pen yu babuy yu tep makimanuk.You bring your pig down because it eats chickens.
heb-attransto replace dead rice plantsTu hineb-atan ida etan netey ni pagey di payew da.He replaced the dead rice plants in their rice-field.Simhen-at7.5.6Substitute-an/-in- -anClass 5A Changing state of site by adding something
heb-uktransto blow on something, e.g., fire to make it flameHineb-ukan Maria hu apuy.Maria blew on the fire.Heb-ukim etan apuy et tumbal.Blow on the fire so it will flame.Hipa mu neneb-ukan ni dilag?Why did you blow out the light?-an/-in- -anClass 5C Goal oriented sites
hebasta1to be unaware of what is going on around you, in a semi-conscious state, due to too much heat from the sunlightThis state is probably due to heat exhaustion.Nahba hi ina di dalan ni linawwan mid Kiangan tep ya nemahhig ni petang et yumudung kamin nekemtang.My mother became unaware (of what was going on around her) on the way when we went to Kiangan because of too much heat from the sunlight so we sat down for a short time.Hedin mebeyyag kan mantattayya di na-let ni petang , man mehba ka.If you stay for a long time under the strong sunlight, you will become semi-conscious.Simhilu2.5.6.5Dazed, confused2.5.6.4Lose consciousnessme-/na-2to feel weak due to dehydrationNahna-ak et metukkaddak ni mika pan-a-ayyami tep ya na-let ni petang ey aggak peingha.I became weak and fell down while we were playing because of too much heat from the sun and I am not used to it.Nabba kullum ni illa milli tep nemahig petang di dalan.The pig we brought along with us became weak because of so much heat from the sun on the way.Yallid kametyed di lingih hu nahbaan ni killum tep nea-atu ey nemahig petang.It was at the uphill walk at Lingih where the pig got weak because of being tired and too much heat from the sun.2.4.2Weakna-
heballiadv.pred1expresses an evaluation that one action is better than another thing to doHeballi lakkay et mulli awiten.You better go and call her.Hedin tagan hu ehel, ey lektattuy endi tunung tu. Et humman hu, heballi kekkennengen hu e-helen. (Ecclesiastes 6:11)If (a person) goes on talking, finally it will make no sense. Therefore, it is better to control what (you) say.Simkedukdul 13.2.5.9Approve of something9.4.5.1Evaluator2to prefer a thing, an action, or a circumstance"Apu Dios, anin ew ni patey muwak, nakka pehebbalin anin ni metteyyak nem ya nak meittu-u." (Jonah 4:3)"Oh God, never mind, just kill me, I would rather die than to live.3.4.1.1.3Preferkape- -i
hebang1na trail or path of small animalsThe trails are found in places where the animals go to scavenge for food. Each animal species has their own trails. Traps are placed on these trails to catch the animals.
hebang2intransto visit someone or somewhereKele endi kamehebbang ni hi-gatu?Why has she not visited even once?kame-
hebat1nbeak of a fowlAndukkey hu hebat ni kallangkang.The heron’s beak is long.Nambaklang hu hebat ni gawgawa et ya hebat ni manuk.The beaks of a duck and chicken are different.1.6.2.1Parts of a bird2transto peck as of a fowl or to strike as of a snakeIta-gey mu eya singnged mu ma-lat ag hebaten ni manuk.Hold high what you are holding so the chicken won't peck it.Himbat ni manuk hu singnged tun ubi ey nimmangih.The chicken pecked the sweet potato he is holding so he cried.Antan i-hep tu ubi tep hehbaten ni manuk.Don't bring out the camote because the chicken will peck it.Himbat ni uleg hu heli tun nahdem ey limmebag.A snake bit his foot last night and it is swollen.Kaw inang-ang mu nambatan ni uleg ni hi-gatu?Did you see where the snake bit him?1.6.4Animal actions-en/-in-
hebheb1transto press or compact somethingHinedheb ku hu langgusih ni pagey ey aggak hampahan.I compacted the rice in the sack yet I cannot carry it.Hinedhedan dan puyek etan gulipuh et ag um-ali danum.They pressed earth in that pipe so the water can't come out.Hipa kamengihhenedhed ni lemek eyad kadellanan danum?Who pressed debris into this passage for the water?7.7.4Press-en/-in-Class 4B Tactile - Touch contact
hebheb2transto extinguish fire with waterAgtu kaya dan hebheban hu ngalab mukun simmebel.He did not extinguish the live charcoal that is why it flamed.Hinebheban kun danum nem eleg me-dep.I put water on it but it cannot be put out.Hebhebin Dallimay eya apuy et ma-dep.Dallimay, extinguish that fire so it will be put out.5.5.3Extinguish a fire-an/-in- -anClass 5A Changing state of site by adding something
hebit1nthorn or sharp objects that can injure8.3.2.3Sharp1.5.5Parts of a plant2transfor something sharp to prick or injureHimbit tuwak ni naphik ni busih.I was injured by a broken bottle.Antan tu pehik busih tep umhebit.Don't break the bottle because it will cause a wound.2.5.3Injure-en/-iN-, um-
HebrewProp.N1a Semitic language, the official language of IsraelHebrew was the language used in the writing of the Old Testament. 2the descendants of Abraham, Isaac, and JacobDuring Old Testament times, the Hebrews were the chosen people of God.
hebudvto do other things rather than the main job be done; to procrastinateEntan tu pahbudin an man-u-uggip, nem elaw ka kumaddan et ka makihummangan ni hi-gatu ma-lat beken ni hi-gam hu memeyyad etan ni utang tu. (Proverbs 6:4-5a)Do not be sleeping, instead go and talk to him so that you will not be the one to pay for his debt.8.4.5.3.5Postpone
hebul1transto mistakenly identify someone because of similarity in appearanceInhebul kun Ali.I mistook him as Ali.Nakka ihhehul hi Junior nan maetu tep naka-ingngeh da angah.I mistake Junior for his father because they have a similar face.Simdeneng 1helam3.2ThinkiC1-/iN-2intransto be similar in appearanceIda kamanhehbul ni han-ama.The father and son are similar (in looks).kamaN-
hebut1nslave; slaveryHumman ida Jews ni nalpud simbaan di Cyrene niyad Alexandria e ida kameingngadnin Himbut ni Neliblih di kinahimbut da. (Acts 6:9b)These Jews were from the synagogue in Cyrene and Alexandria who were named Slaves who were set Free of their slavery. 4.5.4.4Slave2stato be enslavedTep hi-gak hu Ap-Apu e Dios yun nengihwang ni hi-gayud neihbutan yud Egypt. (Psalm 81:10a)Because I am the Lord, your God who saved you from your slavery in Egypt.Neihbut ida law edum ni bibi-in u-ungnga mi, nem endi katteg dammutun pehding mi tep neibelal ni emin hu puyek mi. (Nehemiah 5:5b)Our young girl children have already become enslaved, but we cannot do anything about it because all our land has been mortgaged. nei-, nei- -anhimbutneihbutneihbutan
hebwagtransto scatter things by throwingSimmapug ida hu killum, ahhu, gawgawwa, niya manuk di dallin ni kamampengngan ni inhebwag mun hantapug ni gaga.The pigs, dogs, ducks, and chickens have become abundant outside the house eating the abundant rice that you scattered.7.4.5.2Throw awayiC1-/iN-Class 3B Move and release an object
hebwaknspring of water, a source of drinking waterKayulli pan-ahul ni danum di hebwak ni innumen tayu.Go and fetch water from the spring for us to drink.Limmaw hi Eleno di hebwak ni an man-ehhul.Eleno has gone to the spring to fetch water.Simhibuy1.3.1.4Spring, well
hebwangtransto spread tiny objects or seeds by throwing; to drop tiny objects in a row, e.g., as sowing; to scatterHinebwagan dakemin pantal.They threw sand at us.Daka panhinnebwag hu daka pengitnem ni legih.The way they plant sesame seeds is by scattering them.7.3.1.1Throw-an/-in- -anClass 5A Changing state of site by adding something