Vernacular - English


g


getgetstaa cut in a rope or string, wire or rubber band; a frayed spot in a rope, string or rubber bandThe cuts or frayed areas are usually caused from use and wear.Negetet etan kallat ku et humman hu nepegtangan tun. There was a slight cut on my rubber band and that is why it snapped apart.Negenetget ida etan linubid ni indawat mu.There are some cuts in the ropes that you gave.me-/ne-Class 6B Process or state of inanimate objects
getlavto have a speech impediment that distorts speech; to be tongue-tied; to stutterNegetla hi Susana.Susana stutters.Antan tu igetla ehel mu.Do not stutter in your talking.Kahinggetgetlai hi Jose hedin kamanheppit.Jose pretends to stutter when he talks.Simtusime-/ne-
getudtransto set a date for an activity or eventPakkaw gegtuden tayu aggew ni pandadammuan tayu.We have to set the day for our meeting.Hipa gintud mun aggew ni ilian da?What day did you set for them to come?Kaw nanggegettud kayuddan ammed yun lawwan yu?Did you and your parents set the day for your going?Simgetup8.4Time-en/-in-Time adverbial predicatesgintud
getuptransto set an early time or dateGintup da ellian da.They will come as early as possible.Kele neigtup ni emin hu lawwan yu?Why are you all going so early?Kamangtup law hu lawwan da.They are going soon.Kele mu inggetup hu ellian da?Why did you make it early for them to come?Simgetud8.4.4.1Plan a time-en/-in-Time adverbial predicates
getwibtransto make a hole in something, e.g., an animal such as a rat chewing a hole in somethingGinetwiban ni utut hu kebi.The rat made holes in the chicken coup.Ya puha nengetwib ni agyag.It was the cat that made a hole in the basket.Simgu-king7.9.1Damage-an/-in- -anClass 5B Changing state of site by removal of something
geyangtransto strike with a sharp pointed objectAng-ang mu tep iggeyang tulli pahul.Be careful because he will strike you with his spear.iC1-/iN-Class 3E Move an object directionally
geyaytrans1to make cuts in a piece of meat but not cutting it into piecesI-lim kedi eya ihhidam et geggeyyayen tan ekket.Give me your viand and I'll make cuts in it.Hipa impangyay mu eyan detag?What did you use to make cuts in this meat?7.8.3Cut-en/-in-Class 4A Changes the structure of an object 2to cut an animal's ear, e.g., piglet or dog's earMaking cuts in the ears of an animal was believed to spur growth especially if an animal looked sickly or growth appeared to be retarded.Ginyay ku tangilan pina-lek ey makuheyaw.I made a cut in the piglet's ear and it is bloody.Ginyay tu belat ni newang ey kamankukuheyaw.He made a cut in the skin of the carabao and it was bleeding.Inang-ang etan ni inetu mika pampengyayin tangilan impah tu ey immali et heni umkalat.The mother pig saw when we were cutting the ear of its piglet and it came and it was as if it will bite.-en/-in-
geyenggengintransto shiver, shake or tremble with fear or from coldNakka umgeyegeyenggeng tep ketel.I am shivering because it is cold.Simgeygey2.2Body functionsum-/-imm-Class 2C Physiological functions
geyetgetadv.predeager to do somethingGenerally thought to refer to an eagerness to bite something or someone.Kapanggegeyyetgesin mahhiken ni kellaten hu kimeng ku.The baby-boy is so eager to bite my finger.3.4.1.4.1Excited
geygeyintransto tremble or shake; to shiverThis word may refer to the trembling of arms or legs that results from muscle tiredness.Nakka umgeneygey tep ketel.I am shivering because it is cold.Inang-ang ni katuutuud kebebbebley hu impahding Apu Dios ey ida kaumgeygey ni takut da. (Isaiah 41:5a)The people of the nations saw what God did, and they trembled in fear.Simgeyenggeng2.2Body functionsum-/-imm-Class 2C Physiological functions
geyudstato become thin, usually used to refer to babiesKamangkegyud hi mahhiken ey mateban neuktan tu.Baby-boy is becoming thinner yet he was fat when he was born.Hipa gaputun tu nagyudan?What caused him to be thin?8.2.3.3Thin personkamangke-, na- -an
gi-haytransto make a cut into cloth or paperNegeni-hay etan layyut et eleg mebellin ni ittuptup di nebi-kin balwasi.The cloth has been cut in many places so it cannot be used for patching holes in clothes.7.8.3Cut-en/-in-Class 4A Changes the structure of an object
gi-hekintransto limp, usually due to one leg being shorter than the otherThe difference in the length of the legs can be congenital (born with the difference) or due to an injury.Kamanggi-hek hi Helen tep ansikkuy hu hakey ni heli tu.Helen is limping because one of her legs is shorter than the other.Hipa himmulun ni kapanggi-hekin Helen?What is the reason why Helen is limping?Simgihhudpi-lumaN-/naN-Class 1A Movement with a manner component
gi-ingsp. var. ofgiingstato burnIntumtum tud maetung et magi-ing.He placed it close to something hot and-so it was burned. Morphophonology: The C2 single glottal stop is geminated in non-past affixed forms. 5.5.4Burn
gi-milintransto stand at the edge of something that is highAntan panggi-gi-mil eyad gilig ni geday tep lektat tu et dimmu-huk kala.Don't be standing at the edge of that slide because you might fall.Hedin wada hu uungngan kamanggi-gi-mil di habyen et me-gah, meheggaggak et nak awwiten et ag ma-gah.If there is a child standing at the doorway and about to fall out, I would quickly go to fetch him so that he will not fall.7.1.1StandmaN-/naN-Class 1C: Purposeful activities or actions
gi-puktransto break something of an elongated shapeNegi-puk etan hulkud mu tep inggasin etan ni u-ungnga.Your walking cane is broken because that child stepped on it.Simgi-pung-en/-in-Class 4A Changes the structure of an object
gi-pungtransto break something that is elongated or tubular, e.g., sticks, cane, poles, human or animal limbsGini-pung tu etan hulkud ku.He broke my walking-stick.Simgeplungginghugi-pukhepung7.8.1Break-en/-in-Class 4A Changes the structure of an object
gi-yadintransto walk on tiptoeKele kaumgeni-gi-yad hi ama mewan?Why is your father walking on tiptoe again?Gimmeni-gi-yad alid Kiangan ingganah deyay tep endi mengban hi-gatu.He walked on tiptoe from Kiangan until here because nobody will carry him.7.2.1.1Walkum-/-imm-Class 2A Movement from one place to another
gibakstato be burned or scalded with hot waterNegibakannak ni neinit ni maetung ni danum.I was scalded with boiling hot water.me-/ne-
gibbuhtransto finish something, to complete somethingGibbuhen ku na-mu etan nakka pan-ingngunu ni balintu.I will probably finish what I am working on by next year.Huyya kegibbuhan ni meikkadwan anggetakkut ni ligat. (Revelation 11:14)This was the finish of the second terror. Nakka nenemnema e kedukdul hu gibbuhen yu huttan ni ammung yun inlapu yun matsaggew. (2 Corinthians 8:10b)I think it would be better for you to finish collecting that (money for the poor believers in Judea) which you began to do last year.6.1.2.3.5Complete, finish-en/-in-Manner adverbial predicates
gibekvto feel; to perceive; to be aware of somethingInggibek ku hu kintelan tun hileng.I felt it when it got cold at night.Inggibek etan ni ap-apun sindalu niyadda sindalu tun kamangguwalyan Jesus hu nanyegyegan tu niya inang-ang dan emin nekapkapya ey simmakut ida. (Mathew 27:54a)That officer and his soldiers who were guarding Jesus became aware of the earthquake and they saw all that was happening and they were afraid.Simgikna 13.2.3KnowiC1-/iN-Modality adverbial predicates
gibuhnthe ending stage of a traditional religious ritualGibuh ni patey di baley dan kabbuhhan.It will be the ending of the death rituals in their household tomorrow.4.9.5.4Religious ceremony
gidgidtransto shaveNakaggidgidan tu hu iming tun matedem ni ewah.He shaved very well his mustache with a sharp knife.7.8.3Cut-an/-in- -anClass 5B Changing state of site by removal of something
giggiyyekInf. ofgiyekvto tickle someoneEntan tu geniggiyyek eya gelang.Don’t keep on tickling the baby.Wadadda edum ni tuun nelakah ni megiggiyyek. There are some people who are easily tickled.7.3.4.1Touch-en/-in-Class 4B Tactile - Touch contactanggegiggiyyek
gigiknan edible fungus variety, white and ear-shapedSimkulat1.5.4Moss, fungus, algae