Vernacular - English


g


gawa1sp. var. ofgawwa
gawa2vto go into water, stepping into or wadingEleggak gumewa di wangwang tep edallem et nakka um-takut.I did not wade (lit. go to the center) in the river because it is deep and so I am afraid.Gimmawa-ak di danum ni kakkabbuhan ey ketel ni peteg.I stepped into the water this morning and it was very cool.Antan tu ig-igwad eya neliputan tep meba-ma.Don't be stepping into the water with your wound because it will become worse.Hipa muka gewwagewwaa eyad payew?Why are you wading inside the rice-field?7.2.1.1Walkum-/-imm-Class 2A Movement from one place to another
gawat1ndebtEteng gawat min ginastu min neteyyan nan ina.We have a huge debt for our expenses when my mother died.6.8.5.3Owe2transto borrowEteng gawat ku tep ya ginwat kun pihhuh ni inggatang mid payew. I have a huge debt because I borrowed money to buy our rice-field.Simutang 16.8.5Borrowum-/-imm-, -en/-in-
gawayadj.predan expression of agreement or concurrence but implying that there is additional information to be considered in regard to the issue at handGaway di Tomas tep eteng pihhuh da.It's fine for Tomas because they have a huge amount of money. (This might be said in response to a statement about college expenses and the fact that Tomas' children are attending college.)This word is only used in conversation when one person is making a comment about something that was said by another person.9.4.4.1Certainly, definitely9.4.5.1Evaluator
gawetucomp. ofgawwaadjthe middle of somethingImmeehneng ida papaddin nengiattang ni Kaban Apu Dios di nema-ganan ni dalinat ni wangwang di gawetu ingganah nan-agwat idan emin hu tuu. (Joshua 3:17) The priests carrying the Ark of the LORD stood on the dry bottom of the river in the middle until all the people passed over (the river).8.6.5Middle
gawgawana duck1.6.1.2Bird
gawivto act as go-between; to mediateThis word is particularly used in arranging a marriage.Hi Nestor hu nengigewi nan hi Robert ni nengahwaan tun nan hi Rosa.Nestor was the one who mediated on behalf of Robert when he married Rosa.Yan nunya law ey eleg mahapul ni wada hu manggawwi di kaman-ahwa.Nowadays, there is no need for a mediator in a marriage.2.6.1.1Arrange a marriagemengi-/nengi-, maN-/naN-
gawwasp. var.gawa11nmiddle; center2transto place something in the middle or centerIgawwam eya papil kud libluh ma-lat ag ma-gah.You put my paper in the middle of the book so it won't be dropped.Hipa mu nengigawwaan ey kangkuy panggillig mu?Why did you place it in the middle and yet I told you to place it at the edge?Impanggawwa da hi ametu tep kaumtakkut ni manggillig.They placed his father at the center because he is afraid to be at the last.Ka-immatun etan baley da tep anggawwaan ni dewwan keyew.To recognize their house, it is in between two trees.8.5.5Spatial relationsiC1-/iN-gawetugawwanhilenganggawwaan
gawwangnhawk; crowThe first example sentence is taken from a story about the crow that is completely black and the lizard that is nicely tattooed.Ya gawang nematek ni silay.It is the crow that tattooed the lizard.Ya gawwang ey daka kenna impah ni manuk.Crows eat chicks.1.6.1.2Bird
gawwanhilengcomp. ofgawwahilengnmidnight; middle of the night8.4.1.2.3Time of the day
gaya1intransto be happyIda kamanggagaya u-ungnga tep wada kayyaggud ni balwasi da.The children are happy because they have good clothing.Gimmaya ak tep immali kayu.I am happy because you have come.Simamleng 2danggayaganas3.4.1.2HappymaN-/naN-/kamaN-, um-/-imm-Class 1C: Types of attitudes2transto enjoy somethingHi-gada hu kaumbabahbah ni kakinayyaggud yu, nema-ma hedin wada nei-duman dan hi-gayud kapekikkanni tep daka igaggaya hu elaw ni daka pene-uhe-ulin edum dan tuu. (2 Peter 2:13c)They are the ones who destroy your good character/reputation, especially if they join with you in eating because they enjoy deceiving their fellowmen.
gayadvfor the hem of a dress to drag on the groundKameiggeyyad etan lappud tu tep andukkey ni peteg.Her dress is dragging (on the ground) because it is too long.mei-/nei-
gayamadjunctan expression meaning something is different than you thought; contra-expectationYa gayam gaputun nandegehan tu ey tep ya kinan tun detag et beken ni ya ininum tun danum.Contrary to expectation, the cause for his sickness is the meat that he ate and not the water that he drank.Endi gayam hu kebayyu di Antipolo.Contrary to expectation, there is no horse in Antipolo.Language of Borrowing: Ilocano
gayattransto crumble into bits and pieces, e.g., dried tobacco or condiment leavesGineyat da etan nemag-anan ni bulung ni tabbaku ni illukut da.They have crumbled the dried tobacco leaves that they will smoke.Gayat yudda etan bulung ni guggullu et han yu iteb-ung di yuka pan-ihhaeng ni batsikul.Crumble the orange leaves before putting them in with the snails that you are cooking7.7.4Press-en/-in-Class 4A Changes the structure of an object
gayumsp. var. ofgayyumna close friend
gayunbanunsoursop fruit; also known as guanabana fruit5.2.3.1.2Food from fruit
gayunuhintransto slide downwardIda kamanggaggayyunuh hu u-ungnga etan di nandi-heng di nedunduntug. The children are sliding down on a slope of the small hill.Megeyyunuh kayu etan di nandi-heng ni dalan tep pitepitek diman. You will slide down on the sloping road because it is muddy there.Simkubhilkudlihunuh 17.2.2Move in a directionmaN-/naN-Class 1B Movement with a directional component
gayyadnhind legs of an animal1.6.2Parts of an animal
gayyamanncentipede; scorpionAntan tu a-ayyam hu gayyaman tep umpatey hu gita tu hedin kellaten daka.Do not play with the scorpion because its poison can cause death if it stings you.1.6.1.7Insect
gayyustato be friendlyBeing friendly is expressed by making someone feel welcome and comfortable in a given situation.Gaggayyui yu hi Norma ma-lat eleg uminglay.Be friendly to Norma so that she won't feel lonely.4.3.4Do good togayyum
gayyumsp. var.gayumInf. ofgayyu1nfriend, someone who expresses affection, concern and respectSynayyam 14.1.1Friend2vto become a friendNanggayyum ida law et eleg ida law mambekkal.They became friends now and so now they do not quarrel.maN-/naN-Language of Borrowing: Ilocano: gayyem
geb-atadv.predto intend to do an action; to do something intentionallyInggeb-at kun limmaw diman ma-lat nak ang-angen humman ni bebley.I intentionally went there to see that place.Endi nakka pengiggeb-asin an maa-ayyam di kad-an da.I never intended to go where they are socializing.Hipa mu nengigeb-atan ni palang etan ni kapih mi?Why did you intentionally cut our coffee tree?3.3.1.4Intend
gebatransto burn firewood in order to make charcoalGegbaen mi hu ittungu di dep-ullan et han kami maugip ni mahmahdem.We will burn the firewood in the fireplace to make charcoal before we go to sleep this evening.5.5.4Burn-en/-in-Class 4A Changes the structure of an object
gebutransto burn firewoodLimmaw ida et gebuen dan emin hu keyew di alang.They went and burned all the firewood in the granary.Gimbu dan emin hu haleng ni impanilag dan tugal.They burned all the pine-firewood to give light for their gambling.5.5.4Burn-en/-in-Class 4A Changes the structure of an object
geday1nerosionKamangkede-hilin geday hu alak mi. Our irrigation is being covered with erosion.2vto landslide; to erodeYa na-let ni udan hu gaputun nagdayan etan ni tuping di ehpen ni baley mi.It was the heavy rain that caused the stonewall below our house to slide down.Dakel hu nangkagday di dalan.There are many slides on the road. Et penghel idallin katuutuu etan idan nantuping ey 'Kele mewan an nagday ey kan yu ey neihammad?' (Ezekiel 13:12)And the people will say to those who built the rock wall, "Why has it fallen, yet you claim that it was firm?" 1.7Nature, environmentna-, na- -an