Vernacular - English


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gulunncogon grass Gulun is a type of cogon grass that was previously used to make thatching for the roofing of a house or a granary. In the Antipolo Ifugao Bible, the Keley-i word gulun is often a symbol of bad circumstances, or as a punishment for doing things that are bad. Also in the Ifugao Bible, the term gulun is frequently mentioned along with thorns, i.e. hebit.Kamemmel hu gulun niya hebit di nambebleyan yun tutu-uk. (Isaiah 32:13a)Cogon grass and thorns are growing on the land where you, my people live. Hedin wadadda umtemel ni gulun niya hebit e kamei-ellig ni buhul idan tutu-uk ey bahbahek ida e lelgabek et makaggiheb idan emin. (Isaiah 27:4b)If cogon grass and thorns are growing there, which is an example of the enemies of my people, I will destroy them and burn them up.Simelkatkatlubbungpel-ut1.5.3Grass, herb, vine
gumamelahna flower variety, red in color1.5Plant
gumehhengsp. var.gumihhingnan American type rifleThis type of rifle was known during World War II.Gumehheng etan pelattug ni gintang tu.It is an American type of rifle that he bought.4.8.3.7Weapon, shoot
gumeknmetal; steel; ironWada gumek di baley da.There is a metal instrument in their house.Impabunget muwak gapuh tep yadda etan kinapyam ni gumek ni dios. (1 Kings 14:9c) You have made me angry by the metal idols/gods that you have made.1.2.2.3Metal
gumhulstafor some part of the body to be severed or amputatedThis usually refers to the accidental severing of fingers, toes or hands.Negumhulan hu ik-ikingngan tu tep netegmil ni batu ni daka pantuppingi.a His little finger was severed because it was smashed with rocks when they were building a rock wall.Simkumtu2.5.3.1Amputateme- -an/ne- -an
gumunvto experience luck associated with fateHi Carlos hu inggumunan Felisa ni ahwaen.Carlos is the one who is fated with luck to marry Felisa.Simgahat 14.4.5.1Luckyi- -an/iN- -anginumun
gun-udsp. var.gen-udtransto receive a reward Huyyadda ginun-ud kud emin ni ngunuk. (Ecclesiastes 2:10c)These things were my reward for all my work.Ya etan nenemneman ni tuu ey tuka gun-uda kinedangyan. (Proverbs 14:24a)The wise person is rewarded with wealth.4.7.7.1Reward4.4.1Prosperity-en/ -in-
gunaytransto act or do somethingEndi kaumgunay ni hi-gada tep eleg da amta pehding da. Not one of them is doing anything because they do not know what to do.Synkaway29.1.2Dokaum-Language of Borrowing: Ilocano
gungatnfamily or ancestral graveA gungat-grave is always dug in the slope at the very foot of a hill, not on flat ground.Nanengtu hu gungat ni ammed mi nem nahlekan law.Our ancestral grave is still there but it is covered with grass now.Simkulung 12.6.6.6Grave
gungelna rocky or rough areaAntan tu idlan di nenginha-pat tep gungel.Don't walk through the upper area because it is rocky and rough.1.2.2.2Rock
gunggung1intransbarking of a dogImmen nakka deddengngelan kaumgenunggung ni ahhu.I heard a dog barking.Dingngel kun kamanggunggung hu ahhu yun dintengan amam ni nahdem. I heard your dog barking when your father arrived last night.Synbulew1.6.4.3Animal soundsum-/-imm-, maN-/naN- Class 2E Vocal sounds expressing feeling2transfor a dog to bark at someone or at a soundKaw hi-gam ginunggungan ni ahhun nahdem?Were you the one at whom the dog barked last evening?Yad kad-an ni habal di Dimpuy hu ginenugngungan ni ahhu hileng.It is near Dimpuy's garden where the dog had been barking during the night.Hipa kagennunggungin ahhud muyung?What is the dog barking at in the forest?-an/-in- -an
gunggungayyunlarge cylindrical snail speciesDakel ida hu gunggungayyu ni inang-ang mid dalan.There are many cylindrical-snails that we saw on the road.1.6.1.5Fish
gungunah1na reward"Tep mettey kalli, nem umtagu kallin kepappegan ni emin ma-lat dawatem ali gungunah mu." (Daniel 12:13b)For you will die, but you will be resurrected at the end of all things so that you will receive your reward. 4.7.7.1Reward2transto receive a reward or gain a benefit Kan Judah idan agituy "Endi gungunahen tayun memettey eyan agi tayu anin ni he-ulen tayu ametayu." (Genesis 37:26) Judah said to his brothers, "We will not gain any benefit by killing our brother, even if we deceive our father."Hinumang Satanas ey kantuy “Kaw makulug makkaw ni tuka daydayawen hedin endi tu gungunahen?” (Job 1:9)Satan answered (God) and said, “Would he (Job) really worship you if he did not benefit (from serving you)?9.5.1.1Beneficiary of an event-en/-in-
gunnaynan insect species like a grasshopper, large and light-green in color1.6.1.7Insect
gunnuttransto move quickly in order to possess something; to scramble to get a share of somethingNangguggunnutan idan manuk niya gawgawa hu inhebwag kun gaga di dallin mi.The chickens and the ducks scrambled to get a share of the rice I threw outside our house.Kapanguggunnusidda etan ni u-ungnga etan ekkut ni natdaan ni lituku. The children are scrambling for a share of the few left-over rattan fruit.Simgillay7.2.1.2Move quickly-an/-in- -anClass 5C Goal oriented sites
gunsingsp. var.gunting1nscissorsKaum-ipit ni bewek eya gunsing yu tep ag umtadem.Your scissors pinches hair because it is not sharpened.6.7.1Cutting tool2stato be cut with a scissorsKinyem tu gunsing ey negunsing tangilak.He closed the pair of scissors and my ear was cut.me-/ne-
guntebsp. var.guntubstafor the mouth to be bumped on something hardNeigunteb hu bungut tud lehung et kumuheyaw.His mouth was bumped on the mortar and it bled.2.5.3Injuremei-/nei-
guntingsp. var. ofgunsingnscissors
guntubsp. var. ofgunteb
gupetstato be wet from rain; for rain to make someone wetNeguggupet kamin kaalman tep endi halugung mi.We were wet yesterday because we didn't have any shelter.Umgupet eya udan ey endi tayu kahummakan penhidduman tayu.This rain will cause us to be wet yet we cannot find any shelter.1.3.3Wetme-/ne-, um-/-imm-
gupiwtransto crush a can or other tin object with hands or an instrumentGinupiw tu etan latan endi neitlu.He crushed the empty can.Simkumiw7.7.4Press-en/-in-Class 4A Changes the structure of an object
guwalya1na guard; a sentryWadad Edom hu kaum-eheehel ni hi-gak e kantuy “Guwalya, kaw Wadad Edom hu kaum-eheehel ni hi-gak e kantuy "Guwalya, kaw ayepaw pay et han mewa-wa?" (Isaiah 21:11a)There was someone in Edom calling to me, he said, “Guard, is it a long time before daybreak?”2intransto guard someone or something; to be guardedHuyyadda hu kamangguwalyad heggeppan ni patul di appit ni kasimmilin aggew. (1 Chronicles 9:18a)These men are those guarding the entry of the king in the direction of the sunrise.Inggibek etan ni ap-apun sindalu niyadda sindalu tun kamangguwalyan Jesus hu nanyegyegan tu niya inang-ang dan emin nekapkapya ey simmakut ida. (Mathew 27:54a)That officer and his soldiers who were guarding Jesus became aware of the earthquake and they saw all that was happening and they were afraid.Simadug 14.4.4.5ProtectmaN-/naN-Language of Borrowing: Ilocano
guyabstafor hair to be tangled and messyNeguyab bewek tu tep eleg tu haguen.Her hair is messy because she did not comb it.Simbaklet5.4.3.1Comb hairme-/ne-Class 6D Descriptives
guyudtransto drag something; to pull somethingGuyuden tu hu gelding yu eman di bitu.He will pull your goat from that pit.7.3.2.8Pull-en/-in-Class 4C Convey/bring object toward agent